Santa Claus is a common sight in December throughout much of the world, adorning Coca Cola products, children's books, front yards, and more.
While Christmas or variations of it have been celebrated for centuries, Santa as we know him today is a relatively recent invention.
Santa Claus's roots are generally traced to the fourth century bishop Saint Nicholas, as well as to the European deity, Wodan, also called Odin.
Nicholas had been known for generosity and was remembered in early December; Yule celebrations to Odin and other spirits also took place in that month. Eventually, these were assimilated into Christmas celebrations held on December 25.
The modern appearance of Santa Claus was described in the poem "The Night Before Christmas" in 1823, and popularized in political cartoons. During the twentieth century, marketers capitalized on this image, using it to sell products ranging from foods and beverages to decorations, toys, and clothing.
Would you like to draw Santa Claus? All you will need is a piece of paper, a pencil, and this easy, step-by-step drawing tutorial. You may also want to use an eraser and markers, colored pencils, crayons, or paints.
Begin by drawing an oval to outline Santa's head.
Draw a smaller oval within the first to form the nose.
Extend two curved lines from each side of the nose, allowing them to meet in blunt points. This forms the mustache.
Erase the guide line from between the sides of the mustache.
Draw a wavy, scalloped line, enclosing a shape from one side of the head to the other. This forms the beard.
Extend two long, curved lines downward from the beard, outlining the body. Connect the lines using a long, curved line. Around the bottom of the figure, draw a long, scalloped line.
Outline the arm using a long, curved line, looping from the shoulder and into the torso. Draw a shorter curved line to form the other side of the arm.
Erase the guide lines from across the arm.
Enclose the cuff of the sleeve by drawing a series of connected, short, curved lines.
Enclose the hand using a curved line. Add detail where the thumb and fingers meet by drawing a short, curved line.
Erase the guide lines from the hand. Draw a rounded rectangle on one side of the torso to form the belt buckle. Draw a smaller rounded rectangle within the first. Then, draw a set of parallel lines extending from each of the three visible sides of the belt buckle, terminating at the edge of the torso.
Draw Santa's sack of toys. Draw a wavy line beneath his hand to indicate the opening of the sack. Extend a long, curved line from his hand, looping over his shoulder and ending at the bottom of the figure. Draw a shorter curved line extending from the hand and over the shoulder. Erase guide lines as necessary.
Draw three short, curved lines extending from the bottom of the figure to outline the legs. Connect the lines using a scalloped line. Enclose the cuff of each leg using a scalloped line.
Draw Santa's boots. For each boot, extend a long curved line from the cuff to outline the bottom of the shoe, looping around to form the top of the shoe. Connect the top of the shoe to the cuff using a short line, and draw a line parallel to the bottom of the boot.
Draw Santa's other arm by extending a long curved line from the shoulder. Enclose an irregular circle to indicate the hand, and use a scalloped line to form the cuff. Erase guide lines as necessary.
Enclose the bottom of Santa's hat using a scalloped line.
Draw a circle to form the puffy ball at the end of the hat. Detail it with a few short, curved lines. Connect it to the brim of the hat using two long, curved lines.
Draw two curved lines between the portions of the mustache to indicate the mouth, and draw each eyebrow using two curved lines.
For each eye, draw a circle within a circle. Draw a tiny circle within each eye, and shade around it.
Color Santa. He is typically depicted wearing a red suit with white trim.
According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica , the cross is "the principal symbol of the Christian religion." Millions of people wear a cross on a necklace or employ the cross in body art or to decorate their homes, vehicles, or clothing.
The cross as a symbol has a long history spanning numerous non-Christian religions. Simple X or + marks are found in prehistoric cave drawings. In ancient Egypt, the cross-like ankh or crux ansata - translated "cross with a handle - was often depicted in the hand of the pharaoh or of various deities. It was used both as a fertility symbol and to represent life. W. E. Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words also notes that the cross or t was used as a symbol for the Chaldean god Tammuz.
For 300 years after the founding of Christianity, there is no historical evidence of the use of this symbol in worship. It came into popularity when promoted by Roman Emperor Constantine, between 306 and 337 A.D. Throughout the Middle Ages in Europe, the cross was used as a religious symbol. The design, for example, adorned the shields of knights and crusaders. The cross also appears in much of the religious artwork from the sixth century onward, appearing in paintings, on the cover and pages of religious texts, and in architecture, especially of churches.
Would you like to draw your own cross? The stylized cross in this easy, step-by-step drawing tutorial features a rose wound about it.
All you will need is a pencil, a piece of paper, and an eraser. Note that in each step, new lines are highlighted in blue, while lines drawn in previous steps are shown in black. At times, you will need to erase lines in order to complete the step. You may also wish to use colored pencils, crayons, markers, or paints to shade your finished drawing.
"The eyes are the window to the soul." So states an antiquated maxim. To scientists, however, the eyes are very interesting. For example, researchers are currently developing technology that could use patterns in the iris of the eye to identify people, much as the fingerprint is used currently. Movies and television have long depicted such technology, but it may soon become a reality. In fact, some airports are already testing this 'eye ID' technology.
To artists, the eyes hold another interest. The eyes are surrounded by many, many small muscles, and the movement of these muscles is an indicator of emotion on the human face. Our eyes, for instance, can show whether we are happy, sad, angry, frightened, excited, or bored.
The eyes, then, are an important means of expressing these emotions in the visual arts, yet many artists find the eyes to be one of the more difficult portions of the human face to capture accurately. What is more, it is almost paradoxical that the eyes are one member largely responsible for our ability to draw the eyes of another.
Almost every drawing or painting of humans or animals includes eyes, whether open or closed. As such, many styles have developed. The simplest eyes involve nothing more than a solidly shaded dot. Other simple eyes consists of a circle with a shaded dot inside it. The Japanese manga and anime art styles often lend straight lines and squared corners to the shape of the eye.
Would you like to draw a pair of eyes? Perhaps you are working on a portrait of a friend or family member. Now, the complicated task of drawing realistic human eyes is easy with the help of this simple, step-by-step drawing guide.
All you will need is a pencil, a piece of paper, and an eraser. You may also want to use crayons, colored pencils, markers, or paints to shade your finished drawing. Notice that each step of this drawing guide includes an illustration as well as explanatory text. New lines added in each picture are highlighted in blue.
The type of bone typically rendered in cartoons - and in this drawing guide - is known as a long bone. Long bones are hard and dense. They give the body strength and structure and are used to help you move around. Long bones can be found in the arms, legs, wrist, ankle, and fingers. The thigh bone, or femur, is a long bone.
Long bones and filled with both yellow and red bone marrow. Red marrow produces blood cells and yellow marrow is used to store fats.
Why do we feed bones to dogs? Bones contain minerals and nutrients. They also satisfy a dog's desire to chew, which in turn helps clean their teeth. Additionally, the dog food that we feed our pets today was not invented until 1860. For thousands of years, family dogs were simply fed table scraps. This often included bones and undesirable portions of meat.
Would you like to give a dog a bone? This easy, step-by-step dog bone drawing guide is here to help you draw one. All you will need is a sheet of paper and a pen, pencil, or marker. You can use this same bone drawing guide to depict a skeleton, a dinosaur dig, or the flag on a pirate ship.